How to Clean and Care for Hardwood Floors

How to Clean and Care for Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors are a beautiful and elegant addition to any home. They add warmth and character while also being durable and long-lasting. However, to keep your hardwood floors looking their best, it is essential to clean and care for them properly. In this article, we will discuss the best practices for maintaining hardwood floors and ensuring their longevity.

1. Regular Sweeping

The first step in maintaining clean hardwood floors is to sweep them regularly. Daily sweeping helps remove dust, dirt, and other abrasive particles that can scratch the surface of the wood. To sweep your hardwood floors effectively, use a soft-bristled broom or a microfiber dust mop. Avoid using traditional brooms with hard bristles as they can cause damage to the wood.

2. Vacuuming with a Soft Brush Attachment

In addition to sweeping, vacuuming your hardwood floors on a regular basis can help keep them clean. However, it is crucial to use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush attachment. This attachment is designed to be gentle on the wood and prevent any scratching or damage. When vacuuming, make sure to cover all areas, including corners and edges.

3. Avoid Wet Mopping

While it may be tempting to mop your hardwood floors to achieve a deeper clean, it is important to avoid excessive moisture. Excessive moisture can seep between the floorboards and cause them to warp or swell. Instead, opt for a slightly damp mop or a specialized hardwood floor cleaning solution. Be sure to wring out the mop thoroughly before use.

4. Spot Clean Spills Immediately

Accidents happen, and spills are a common occurrence in every home. When a spill occurs on your hardwood floors, it is essential to clean it up immediately to prevent any damage. Use a soft cloth or paper towel to blot the spill gently. Avoid rubbing the spill, as this can push the liquid further into the wood grain.

5. Use Mats and Rugs

Prevention is key when it comes to protecting your hardwood floors. Placing mats and rugs in high-traffic areas, such as entrances and hallways, can help trap dirt and prevent it from scratching the floor’s surface. Mats also help absorb any moisture from shoes before it can reach the wood. Be sure to choose rugs and mats with a non-slip backing to prevent accidental slips and falls.

6. Avoid High Heels and Sharp Objects

High heels and sharp objects, such as furniture legs without protective pads, can cause significant damage to hardwood floors. The pressure exerted by high heels can dent or scratch the wood, while sharp objects can leave deep gouges. To protect your floors, encourage guests to remove their shoes or provide them with shoe covers. Additionally, attach protective pads to the bottom of furniture to prevent scratches.

7. Control Humidity

Wood is sensitive to changes in humidity levels. Excessively high or low humidity can cause the wood to expand or contract, leading to gaps or warping. To maintain the ideal humidity level for your hardwood floors, use a humidifier in dry conditions and a dehumidifier in humid climates. Regularly measure the humidity level with a hygrometer to ensure it stays within the recommended range of 35-55%.

8. Schedule Professional Cleaning

While regular cleaning by homeowners is crucial, professional cleaning is also necessary to ensure the longevity of your hardwood floors. Professional cleaning services, such as those provided by Crystal Facilities Management, have the knowledge, expertise, and specialized equipment to clean and restore hardwood floors effectively. They can remove dirt, grime, and deep-seated stains, leaving your floors looking clean and refreshed.


Proper cleaning and care are essential for maintaining the beauty and lifespan of your hardwood floors. Regular sweeping and vacuuming, avoiding excessive moisture, immediate spot cleaning of spills, and using mats and rugs are all vital practices. Additionally, taking precautions to prevent damage from high heels and sharp objects, controlling humidity levels, and scheduling professional cleaning services will ensure that your hardwood floors remain in optimal condition for years to come.